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Pine Vole Feeding Damage

Pine Vole Feeding Damage Vicky Bertagnolli, ©2018, Clemson Extension

Pine Vole Feeding Damage
Vicky Bertagnolli, ©2018, Clemson Extension

There are 23 species of vole in North America. Two vole species are found in South Carolina: pine vole, Microtus pinetorum, and meadow vole, Microtus pennsylvanicus.

General vole identification:

  • Resemble typical house mice
  • Fur: gray-brown with gray undersides
  • Adults: 4-5 inches long
  • Tail length: 0.5-1 inch long
  • Reduced legs

Reproduction:

  • Very prolific reproducers
  • Litters with 3-7 young
  • Reach reproductive maturity in as few as 21 days
  • With good conditions, can breed throughout the year

Pine voles are found throughout the eastern United States. Pine voles utilize systems of underground burrows and subsurface tunnels. Feeding damage is below the soil surface to the crown and root systems. Pine voles also feed on bulbs, tubers, seeds, and bark.

Identification:

  • Head + body = 3.25-4.75 inches long
  • Tail length: less than or equal to the length of the hindfoot
  • Reddish-brown fur that lacks guard hairs
  • Short blunt nose
  • Eyes: small
  • Ears: inconspicuous

For more information, see:

HGIC 2366 How to Tell the Difference Between Moles and Voles

If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988.

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